The idea grows into the mind of the two founders Davide Storino and Luca
Costamagna to find, at least in part, a solution to environmental exploitation and pollution due to intensive livestock.
In the second part of the twentieth century meat consumption per person in the world is doubled, even the population has grown from 2,7 to more than 6 billion people: consequently meat consumption has increased 5 times moving from 45 milion tons per year in 1950 to 233 milions tons per year in 2000. In the industrialized countries, 224 grams of meat have consumed per person every day, only from 2007 to 2008, meat produced in the world every year has
increased from 275 to 280 million tons, FAO has esteemed that by 2050 will be
produced 465 milion tons of meat a year. Even milk production, following
predictions, is intended to grow fast moving from 580 milion tons of the two-year period 1999-2000 to 1043 milion tons by 2050.
Breeded animals need to be nourished in order to live, grow and reproduce.
Animals deplete more foodstufs than they produce in the form of meat, milk and
eggs intended for markets: livestocks are, as defined by the economist Moore
Lappè in Diet for a small planet, “backwards protein factory”.
Another important problem is water consumption:
Water footprint (fresh water total volume used to yield a product) of animal
outcome global production in different productive stages – from forage irrigation
to livestock until final product formula – has been esteemed, in 1996-2005
period, in 2422 billion cubic meter of water, a quote that represent almost a
quarter of a global water footprint.
As FAO confirmed “the evidence suggest that livestock industry is the most
important source of water pollution, mostly dropping, hormons, antibiotics,
tannery chemical essences, fertilizers and phyto drugs used for fodder culture
and sediment of eroded pasture.
According to FAO “breeding farms represent major antropic factor use of lands
wordlwide”: directly and indirectly modern zootechnical overall uses 30% of
whole surface land not ice covered and 70% of agricultural terrain. Morover
livestock sector has a substantial impact in deforestation (native people living
those lands especially suffer from deforestation tied to beef meat production)
and in soil erosion, above all due to pasture over use.
Insects nutritional value depends on their life cycle, on habitat and on diet. However is widely accepted that:
DL NOVEL FOOD decided to develop crickets breeding on an industrial scale in order to bring food to a growing population, reduce thew harvesting resources, reduce environmental impact, find a different protein-based source to animal one.
DL NOVEL FOOD decided to focus on crickets flour due to copious advantages listed above and for its food safety: cricket flour doesn’t risk any contamination (as dioxine and methylmercury in fish), it doesn’t risk the prions (as those responsible of Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy or BSE or mad cow).